Branches of psychology !

It’s funny that some people are fans of coffee, while others are of tea. Have you ever wondered why? Or why are there people who remember everything and others not? Or rather, why do some live in deep sadness while others enjoy each day? These, and many other questions are in charge of answering the branch of psychology.

Psychology is the science that studies in a theoretical way and that practices the cultural, biological, and social aspects that influence the behavior of humans. Social and individual.

On the other hand, it also deals with the functioning and development of the human mind. Going to a professional therapist is becoming more and more common since difficulties such as relationships, personal, work, some disorders related to eating, addictions, and many others are treated.

How do you imagine a therapy session for psychology therapy ?

Surely a person sitting in front of another who is on a sofa saying everything that ails him. But the reality is that psychology encompasses a super broad field that goes beyond simple psychotherapy.

It is important to emphasize that the basis of human beings is complex. Therefore, there are professionals who focus on perception, memory, learning, thinking, language, or the way of reasoning. We will give you some examples here:

  1. Abnormal psychology:
    This consists of the study of emotional and behavioral disorders of the person. What is understood, by “abnormal” must be defined. Since this concept may vary from one society or culture to another. This branch of psychology also draws on other branches, for example, that of development that studies the evolution of humans through different stages of their life. There is also labor and social psychology.

  2. Clinical Psychology:
    This branch of psychology focuses on the study of mental disorders. Performs evaluations, diagnoses, prevention, and treatment of the mental problem. Within this branch, different schools stand out such as the behaviorist, constructivist, psychoanalysis, and gestalt, among others. Psychologists generally do not follow a particular school during the course of their profession, generally. Rather, techniques from various schools are applied.

  3. Cognitive psychology:
    Cognitive psychology studies the internal processes of the mind. That is, how we think or perceive other people or the environment. The way we communicate and how we learn. It is said that many experts have determined that cognitive psychology is the study of intelligence since it uses tools to improve memory, confidence when making decisions, or the way of learning.

  4. Developmental psychology:
    This branch studies the psychological changes that human beings experience during their lives, from a scientific point of view. Including the stage of baby, infant, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. Each of these stages involves obtaining certain skills, personality, self-esteem, the use of language and the formation of our own identity as human beings.

  5. Educational psychology:
    This branch aims to study how human learning occurs. Especially inside the school. That is, it focuses on knowing how students learn and how that learning helps them to develop. Educational psychology is useful for developing educational models, curricula, and for managing schools.

  6. Couple or family psychology:
    Within family relationships, communication and relationship problems can occur between the different members. As well as different psychological disorders that, occasionally, must be analyzed by a therapist. This branch of psychology focuses on relationship problems, difficulty in adapting, poor communication between family members, some illness problems in a relative, differences between children and many different aspects that can develop within the family.

  7. Work psychology:
    This branch deals with the work environment and companies. A specialist in this branch, studies the mind and human behavior in the workplace. Generally, work psychologists fall within the human resources area of ​​companies. Although not necessarily all components of the human resources area are psychological.

  8. Forensic Psychology:
    This interesting branch of psychology focuses on the application of psychology to criminal investigation and the evaluation of possible wrongdoers. Generally, forensic psychologists prepare reports on the mental health of a person accused of a crime, and then they must face and explain the report in court. The need for the therapist to explain the reports is what differentiates them from other types of psychological branches. Since, in addition to having knowledge about psychology, you must also have a solid understanding of the legal regulations and of each legal situation that arises.

  9. Neuropsychology:
    This branch focuses on the analysis of human behavior in relation to a dysfunction in the brain. It establishes relationships between brain injuries and cognitive and emotional disorders that may be related. Generally, a neuropsychologist performs two types of functions. The clinical diagnosis of the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional functioning of a person and the orientation of patients, relatives, and health personnel.

  10. Social psychology:
    People are social by nature. As such, we interact with other people in many areas of our life: partners, family, friends, and work. This branch studies the way in which a person’s thoughts and behavior are influenced by other people, from a scientific point of view. The different social organizations are also studied to take behavior patterns of the different people that make up each group. The roles of each person or how behavior changes depending on the situations that occur.

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